No one likes it when their skin is angry, irritated, itchy or sensitive, but as anyone with Rosacea can attest to, that’s exactly what happens when it flares up.
Rosacea is a chronic inflammatory skin condition which mostly affects the face and is usually diagnosed between the ages of 30 – 60. The most common types of rosacea are:
· Type 1: which presents with redness across the cheeks and nose. Sometimes capillaries are present.
· Type 2: which looks the same as type 1 except it has little papule and pustules (breakouts)
While Rosacea has no known cause, there seems to be a genetic link, (thanks Mum & Dad!). There are several known triggers that cause Rosacea to flare up such exposure to UV, spicy food, caffeine, alcohol, excessive exercise and stress. Sometimes, having a detox from the triggers will help although it may take a while before a change can be seen. Then rosacea patients can have the occasional enjoyment of a sneaky coffee here and there without major flare ups.
Scientists are working day and night (we assume) to find out more about Rosacea but till then Rosacea is a permanent sensitive skin condition and will require a good skincare regimen, lifestyle and treatments to manage the condition.
How to prevent rosacea?
The best way would be to limit your exposure to the things that trigger your rosacea. Everything in moderation is what we say! Limit that spicy takeaway that you love and try different ways of exercising to see what works for you. Take a brisk walk rather than a run which could flush the cheeks. Swimming is also gentle on the body. To manage stress levels, take up a hobby that leaves you feeling relaxed and revitalised. Try a kickboxing class with a friend or find a healthy recipe to cook and fall in love with. Last but not least, limit your alcohol consumption. Red wine can be a contributor to flare ups. On a night out, opt for just one or two drinks while consuming water in between.
What are the best treatments for rosacea?
Depending on your skin and health history, your doctor or dermatologist may prescribe topical medications to control and reduce symptoms. If your skin is not responding to the topical treatment, your doctor may prescribe oral medication such as antibiotics or isotretinoin.
Treatments that are used in clinic often include Laser, IPL and LED light. Different types of lasers treat different aspects of rosacea. Depending on your skin type, laser therapy results may vary, however, a lot of people have experienced great results. Be mindful that Laser therapy can be expensive and trigger unwanted side effects like itchy or tight feeling skin.
When it comes to combating rosacea, skincare is a very underrated prevention method. The right skincare targets the issue at the source... your skin! And … skincare has so many benefits beyond treating rosacea. Skincare leads to healthy, happy skin, leaving you with a dreamy glow. BUT, before
going out and just buying any random skincare product, it is important to choose products with the right ingredients that will work to your favour.
So, what are the most effective skincare ingredients for Rosacea?
· Niacinamide - This ingredient combats all 3 components that affect rosacea: inflammation, regulating oil flow and antioxidant properties. Talk about multitasking!
· Hyaluronic acid - is vital to hydration, skin healing and function.
· Panthenol (B5) - Anti-inflammatory pro vitamin that enhances the skins' ability to absorb more hyaluronic acid.
· Vitamin C - is an essential vitamin that the skin mainly takes from topical application. For rosacea this aids in calming the Reactive Oxygen Species (ROS) that is higher in patients. ROS contributes to higher free radical damage, and this is linked to be a contributing factor to more inflammation.
· Vitamin E- is a hydrating ingredient that locks in the moisture to form a protective barrier on the skin. We love Neutriderm Moisturising Lotion for its light texture and ability to calm the inflamed effects of rosacea on the skin
· Retinol - Topical treatments with small amounts of retinol are suggested to clear bumpy/inflamed skin. Neutriderm Brightening Body Lotion is a pH balanced body lotion that is perfect for type 1 and type 2 rosacea (breakouts).
So, there are a few ways you can go about managing rosacea. However, before making any changes or undergoing any treatments, consult your dermatologist for a diagnosis and recommended treatment.
Article Image Credit @vvvalyn
Written by Jayde Taylor, skin clinician and expert for Neutriderm